The prostate is a walnut-sized gland right under the bladder in men that grows as they age. It doubles in size when they hit puberty, and it keeps growing as they grow older. At one point, the bladder gets large enough to cause problems. It’s more common in men above a certain age. It can squeeze your bladder leading to problems like urinary tract infections, weak flow, and the urge to push out urine. In worst cases, it can result in urinary retention or renal failure and needs immediate medical attention.
Risk factors of BPH
Some risk factors of BPH are preventable, some of them aren’t. The factors that increase your chances of getting BPH to include:
Due to prostate enlargement with age, BPH is more likely to occur in men older than 40. BPH is most common in men above 80 years of age and is unlikely to affect younger male adults.
2. Family History
If it runs in your family, you’re more likely to get it as well. BPH in a male family member increases your chances of getting it as well. Knowing your family’s medical history is vital to inform your doctor, and they can help you lower the risk of BPH.
Being overweight has numerous disadvantages for your overall health. It increases the risk of several diseases, such as cardiovascular disease, high blood pressure, diabetes, etc. The male sex hormone estrogen makes the prostate grow. Obese men have higher levels of estrogen, putting them at a higher risk of BPH.
4. Sedentary lifestyle
Physical inactivity can lead to problems with the prostate. Lack of physical activity can put you at risk of diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. These factors can lead to the growth of the prostate gland.
5. Heart Disease
Heart disease doesn’t cause BPH, though it does have symptoms that can contribute to BPH. Cardiovascular disease can cause obesity, diabetes, and high blood pressure. These can lead to the enlargement of the prostate.
Diabetic patients are at a higher risk of developing BPH due to the high insulin level in their bodies. Elevated levels of insulin can trigger the prostate, causing it to enlarge. Increasing blood sugar levels in male patients with Type 2 diabetes can cause BPH to progress faster.
Prevention of BPH
On the other hand, you can prevent a few risks such as diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. Tweaking your lifestyle and making it more active can help you in reducing the dangers of developing BPH. Additionally, a healthy and balanced diet also plays an essential role in eliminating these risks. Eating heart-healthy foods can help as well.
Treatment of BPH
If you’re at risk of BPH, it’s better to take preventative measures first. In the initial stages, certain lifestyle modifications and self-care can help you. Your doctor may advise surgery or medication if the symptoms don’t subside with lifestyle changes. Treating BPH is also possible by:
- Not ignoring the urge to urinate
- Avoiding nasal decongestants or antihistamines available over-the-counter
- Keeping your stress level in control
- Making exercise a part of your everyday routine
- Strengthening your pelvic muscles through Kegel exercises
- Staying warm